Centre for Flexible Learning (CFL)

Publications and Presentations

2018

Copyright encompasses legal rights including: a) the moral rights of the author who created a work; b) the economic rights of a benefactor who paid to have a copy made; c) the property rights of the individual owner of a copy; d) and a sovereign's right to censor and to regulate the printing industry. The origins of some of these rights can be traced back to ancient Greek culture, ancient Jewish law, and ancient Roman law. Copyright had its origins before the printing press.  Wikipedia (accessed on 27 March 2019) records that the Republic of Venice granted its first privilege for a particular book in 1486.

The Copyright Act of 1710, also known as the Statute of Anne, after Queen Anne was the first copyright law in the world. Its full title was "An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by vesting the Copies of Printed Books in the Authors or purchasers of such Copies, during the Times therein mentioned". It granted publishers of a book legal protection of 14 years but 21 years for books already in print.  Booksellers started a 30-year period based on common law, falling outside the protection of the Statute of Anne.  By the Berne Convention in 1896 it extended to life of author + 50 years. There was intense debate about whether to have perpetual copyright or limited. Some classics were opening up into the public domain because their copyright periods expired, e.g. works from Shakespeare, John Milton and Geoffrey Chaucer.

2017

This page discusses features of 3 main treaties:


Berne Convention 1886
Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) – WTO, 1990
WIPO Copyright Treaty 1996

Berne Convention 1886 was re-negotiated in 1896 (Paris), 1908 (Berlin), 1928 (Rome), 1948 (Brussels), 1967 (Stockholm) and 1971 (Paris). The full title is: Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works. It is about protection of works and the rights of their authors. It provides creators -authors, musicians- with the means to control how their works are used, by whom, and on what terms. It contains minimum protection for works, as well as special provisions available to developing countries that want to make use of them. For the purposes of this discussion, we refer to the 1979 version.

Art 2: The expression “literary and artistic works” shall include every production in the literary, scientific and artistic domain, whatever may be the mode or form of its expression, such as books, pamphlets and other writings; lectures, addresses, sermons and other works of the same nature; dramatic or dramatico-musical works; choreographic works and entertainments in dumb show; musical compositions with or without words; cinematographic works to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to cinematography; works of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving and lithography; photographic works to which are assimilated works expressed by a process analogous to photography; works of applied art; illustrations, maps, plans, sketches and three-dimensional works relative to geography, topography, architecture or science.”.

States countries can prescribe that works in general or any specified categories of works are not protected unless they are fixed in some material form. Collections of literary or artistic works such as encyclopaedias and anthologies which, by reason of the selection and arrangement of their contents, constitute intellectual creations are protected. Works enjoy protection in all State countries. The protection operates for the benefit of an author and his successors in title. State countries determine the extent of application of their laws to works of applied art and industrial designs and models, as well as the conditions under which such works, designs and models are to be protected. Authors enjoy exclusive right of making a collection of works.

The performance of a dramatic, dramatico-musical, cinematographic or musical work, the public recitation of a literary work, the communication by wire or the broadcasting of literary or artistic works, the exhibition of a work of art and the construction of a work of architecture are not publications (art 3).

There are rules for determining country of origin (art 5).

Moral Rights are protected (art 6bis), as are rights of translation (art 8), rights of reproduction (art 9).

quotations from a work, including from periodicals, already lawfully made available to the public, are allowed in newspaper articles and press summaries on a justified amount (art 10).

reproduction by the press, broadcast or communication to the public by wire of articles published in newspapers or periodicals on current economic, political or religious topics, and of broadcast works is allowed (art 10bis).

Authors of literary or artistic works enjoy an exclusive right of authorizing adaptations, arrangements and other alterations of their works (art 12).

The term of protection granted by this Convention is life of an author + 50 years after his death (art 7).

For work of joint authorship, the term is measured from the death of the last surviving author (art 7bis).

Countries may provide that the term of protection cinematographic works expire 50 years after the work is made available to the public with the consent of the author. Countries can determine what limitations to place on authors’ exclusive right. Recordings made and imported without permission from publishers/authors into a country where they are treated as infringing recordings are liable to seizure (art 13).

Authors of literary or artistic works have the exclusive right to authorize cinematographic adaptation and reproduction, distribution of works thus adapted or reproduced; and the public performance and communication to the public by wire of works thus adapted or reproduced (art 14).

Infringing copies of a work are liable to seizure in any country where the work enjoys legal protection (art 16).

Countries can permit, control, prohibit, by legislation the circulation, presentation, or exhibition of any work or production (art 17).

Any work has fallen into the public domain of the country where protection is claimed, is not protected anew (art 18).

Appendix Special Provisions Regarding Developing Countries:
If an owner of the right cannot be found, a person may apply for a licence or publication of the translation or of the reproduction, as the case may be, in the territory of the country in which it has been applied for (art IV).
Countries may declare or admit to be bound by articles before treaty comes into force (art VI).

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) – WTO, 1990

Effective 1 Jan 1995. Not limited to copyright, but to intellectual property.
The treaty specifies minimum standards for the regulation of the broad field of intellectual property (IP) that WTO member countries should follow.

Most-Favoured-Nation Treatment grants protection of intellectual property, advantage, favour, privilege or immunity to nationals of Member states. Exceptions: international agreements on judicial assistance or law enforcement of a general nature, provided those agreements are notified to the Council for TRIPS and do not constitute an arbitrary or unjustifiable discrimination against nationals of other Member states (art 4).

The protection and enforcement of intellectual property rights should contribute to the promotion of technological innovation and to the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual advantage of producers and users of technological knowledge and in a manner conducive to social and economic welfare, and to a balance of rights and obligations (art 7).
Members may, in formulating or amending their laws and regulations, adopt measures necessary to protect public health and nutrition, and to promote the public interest in sectors of vital importance to their socio-economic and technological development, provided that such measures are consistent with the TRIPS. Appropriate measures, provided that they are consistent with the provisions of TRIPS, may be needed to prevent the abuse of intellectual property rights by right holders or the resort to practices which unreasonably restrain trade or adversely affect the international transfer of technology (art 8).


WIPO Copyright Treaty 1996

This treaty is a special agreement under Berne Convention art 20 (art 1).

Copyright protection extends to expressions and not to ideas, procedures, methods of operation or mathematical concepts (art 2).

Computer programs are protected as literary works (art 4).

Compilations of data or other material, in any form, which constitute intellectual creations, are protected, but does not extend to the data or the material itself and is without prejudice to any copyright subsisting in the data or material contained in the compilation (art 5).

Authors of literary and artistic shall enjoy exclusive right to authorize making available to the public the original and copies of their works through sale or other transfer of ownership. Contracting Parties enjoy freedom to determine conditions (art 6).
Authors of i) computer programs; ii) cinematographic works; and iii) works embodied in phonograms, as determined in State member’s laws enjoy the exclusive right to authorize commercial rental to the public of originals or copies of their works (art 7).
authors of literary and artistic works enjoy an exclusive right to authorize any communication to the public of their works, by wire or wireless means, including making available to the public their works from a place and at a time individually chosen by them (art 8).
State members may, in their national legislation, provide for limitations of or exceptions to the rights granted to authors of literary and artistic works under this Treaty in certain special cases that do not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work and do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author. Any limitations of or exceptions to rights are confined to certain special cases that do not conflict with a normal exploitation of the work and do not unreasonably prejudice the legitimate interests of the author (art 10).
State members are to provide adequate legal protection and effective legal remedies against circumvention of effective technological measures used by authors to exercise their rights under this Treaty or the Berne Convention and that restrict acts, in respect of their works, which are not authorized by the authors or permitted by law (art 11).
State members must provide adequate and effective legal remedies which will induces, enables, facilitates or conceals an infringement of any right against any person knowingly removes or alter any electronic rights management information without authority; or distributes, imports for distribution, broadcasts or communicates to the public, without authority, works or copies of works knowing that electronic rights management information has been removed or altered without authority. “rights management information” means information which identifies the work, the author of the work, the owner of any right in the work, or information about the terms and conditions of use of the work, and any numbers or codes that represent such information (art 12).
State members undertake to adopt, in accordance with their legal systems, measures necessary to ensure application and enforcement of the Treaty (art 14).

2016

Books

Book Chapters

  • Naidu, S. (2016). Mainstreaming Open, Flexible, and Distance Learning. In Our World in Your Place: 30 Years of Distance Learning and Teaching at the University of Otago, edited by Kwok-Wing Lai, Sarah Stein, Penny Field, and Kathryn Pratt. Published by Distance Learning Office, University of Otago, pages 92-108.
  • B. Sharma, A. Jokhan, R. Kumar, R. Finiasi, S. Chand and V. Rao, Use of Short Message Service for Learning and Student Support in the Pacific Region, Handbook of Mobile Teaching and Learning, Springer 2016.

Journal Editorials

  • Naidu, S. (2016) Joining or starting a new conversation?, Distance Education, 37:3, 241-244, DOI: 10.1080/01587919.2016.1226190.

 Journal Articles

  • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L. & Gonsalkorala, L.R. (2015). Opening up Access to Education with Open Educational Resources (Paper submitted to be considered for being published in the Journal of NSF – Sri Lanka Journal of Social Sciences).
  • McDowell, J., Styles, K., Sewell, K., Trinder, P., Marriott, J., Maher, S., & Naidu, S., (2016). A Simulated Learning Environment for Teaching Medicine Dispensing Skills. American Journal of Pharmacy Education, 80(1):11. doi: 10.5688/ajpe80111.
  • Naidu, S. (2016). Technology, education and design: The sciences of the artificial (trans. by Junhong Xiao). Distance Education in China, 2, 43-50. Doi:10.13541/j.cnki.chinade.20160226.008.
  • Prasad, D., Totaram, R., & Usagawa, T. (2016). A Framework for Open Textbooks Analytics System. TechTrends, 60(4), 344-349.
  • Prasad, D., Totaram, R., & Usagawa, T. (2016). Development of open textbooks learning analytics system. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 17(5), 215-234.
  • White, P. J., Naidu, S., Yuriev, E., Short, J., McLaughlin, J. E., & Larson, I. (2016). Student engagement with a flipped classroom teaching design affects pharmacology examination performance in a manner that is dependent on question type, American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education.
  • Zawacki-Richter, O., & Naidu, S. (2016). Mapping research trends from 35 years of publications in Distance Education (Junhong Xiao trans.). Distance Education in China, 9, 32-47+76. DOI10.13541/j.cnki.chinade.20160929.005.

Conference Papers & Presentations

  • Bhartu, D., Prasad, D., & Yusuf, J., (2016). Technology-enabled Environments for Flexible Learning: A Case Study at the University of The South Pacific, Paper presented at the Eight Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF8), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. http://oasis.col.org/handle/11599/251
  • Bhartu, D, Newell, A., (2016). A New Wave of Pacific Learning and Teaching: The University Of The South Pacific’s First Ever MOOC, Paper presented at the Eight Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF8), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Chief, I, & Jione, M. & Totaram, R (2016). Creating ePortfolios at Pacific TAFE- creating spaces for students to demonstrate competencies in their profession. Presented at Mahara Hui 2017, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand. https://maharahui.org.nz/mod/page/view.php?id=132
  • Jione, M., Moeava, P. (2016). Using Mahara to demonstrate skills acquired in a hospitality workplace practicum. Presented at Mahara Hui 2017, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, New Zealand. https://maharahui.org.nz/mod/page/view.php?id=132
  • Kanas, J., Prabhakar, P., & Hussein, M. (2016, September 27-29). Thinking "Quality" in Online Courses at the University of the South Pacific. Paper presented at the 2016 MoodleMoot AU, Perth, Australia
  • Karunanayaka, S.P., & Naidu, S. (March 2016). From Mindsets to Mindstorms: Promoting Transformational Change in OEP at OUSL. Poster Presentation at: OEPS Forum4, March 2016, Edinburgh, Scotland.
  • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S. & Menon, M. (2016). Transformational Change at the Intersections of Technology, Education and Design at the Open University of Sri Lanka. Paper presented at the Eighth Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF8), 27-30 November, 2016, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Retrieved from oasis.col.org/handle/11599/2513
  • Prasad, D., Bhartu, D., & Yusuf, J., (2016). Open Educational Resources And Practices at The University Of The South Pacific: Status Report and Future Directions, Paper presented at the Eight Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF8), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. oasis.col.org/handle/11599/2516 
  • Yusuf, J., Prasad, D., & Bhartu, D., (2016). The Integration of Multimedia for Online and Blended Learning at the University of the South Pacific, Paper presented at the Eight Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF8), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. oasis.col.org/handle/11599/2499

2015

Book

  • Racule, E, Jione, M (2015). Digital Video. A guide for teaching and learning (Version 1)  Suva, The University of the South Pacific

Book Chapters

  • Narayan, N., & Lesuma, A. (2015). Eeny, meeny, miny, moe – open education resources (OER) selection for English language skills proficiency at the University of the South Pacific (USP). In K. C. Li & K. S. Yuen (Eds.), Studies and Practices for Advancement in Open and Distance Education (pp. 183-193). Hong Kong: Open University of Hong Kong Press.

Journal Editorials

 Journal Articles

  • Malone, D.T., Short, J.L., Naidu, S., White, P.J., Kirkpatrick, C.M.J. (2015). Mapping of the Australian Qualifications Framework standards onto an undergraduate Bachelor of Pharmacy course, Pharmacy Education [P], vol 15, issue 1, International Pharmaceutical Federation, The Hague Netherlands, pp. 261-269.
  • Naidu, S. (2015). Looking Back Looking Forward: The invention and reinvention of Distance Education, OUSL Journal, 7, 123-134 (Reprinted with permission from Distance Education).
  • White, P.J., Larson, I.C., Styles, K., Yuriev, E., Evans, D.J.R., Short, J.L., Rangachari, P.K., Malone, D.T., Davie, B.J., Naidu, S., Eise, N. (2015). Using active learning strategies to shift student attitudes and behaviors about learning and teaching in a research intensive educational context, Pharmacy Education [P], vol 15, issue 1, International Pharmaceutical Federation, The Hague Netherlands, pp. 116-126.

Conference Papers & Presentations

  • Hazelman, V., Jione, M., & Cabebula, T. (2015, October 14-16). The evolving technologist: reflecting on the role of the Education Technologist in a regional university. Paper presented at the Twenty-sixth International Council for Open and Distance Education (ICDE): Growing capacities for sustainable & distance e-learning provision, Sun City Resort, South Africa.
  • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Rajendra, J.C.N. & Ratnayake, H.U.W. (2015). Peer-facilitated discussions to enhance OER-based eLearning. Research paper presented at the 29thAnnual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 30 November- 02 December, 2015. *(Paper was selected as a Finalist for the Best Practice Award – AAOU-2015).
  • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L. & Gonsalkorala, L.R. (2015). Openness in Education: Teacher perspectives through concept mapping. Research paper accepted to be presented at the 29thAnnual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU), Kualalumpur, Malaysia, 30 November- 02 December, 2015.  http://s170.oum.edu.my/aaou2015/sites/default/files/AAOU_Proceedings.pdf (pp. 806-813)
  • Karunanayaka, S.P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Gonsalkorala, L.R., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L., Rajini, M., Wanasinghe, S., Weerakoon, S., Karunanayaka, S., Sudarshana, M.L., Nawaratne, R., Fernando, M.N.C., & Gnaneratnam, K. (2015). Perspectives and practices of student teachers of OUSL in the use of OER in teaching and learning. Research paper presented at the OUSL Annual Academic Sessions-2015, held 19-20 November, 2015, at OUSL, Nawala.
  • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Rajendra, J.C.N. & Ratnayake, H.U.W. (2015). From OER to OEP: Shifting Practitioner Perspectives and Practices with Innovative Learning Experience Design. Research paper presented at the International Conference on Distance Education (ICDE), held 14-16 October, 2015, at Sun City, South Africa, hosted by the University of South Africa (Unisa). *(Paper was awarded the ICDE Prize -2015 for Innovation and Best Practice in Open, Distance, Flexible, Online Education and E-learning; Published in the Journal, Open Praxis).
  • Karunanayaka, S. P., Naidu, S., Kugamoorthy, S., Ariyaratne, A., Dhanapala, T.D.T.L. & Gonsalkorala, L.R. (2015). Opening up Access to Education: Role of Open Educational Resources. Research paper presented at the International Conference on Promoting Socio-Economic Equity in South Asia: Challenges and Prospects, held 15-16 July 2015, National Science Foundation, Colombo, Sri Lanka.
  • Lowry, J, Jione, M., Koto, C. & John, E. T. (2015, September 9). Developing lifelong skills through problem-based learning: A case study of student videos promoting waste recycling at USP. Presented at Vice-Chancellor’s Forum on Learning & Teaching, Japan - Pacific ICT Multi-Purpose Theatre, Laucala Campus, Fiji.
  • Naidu, S. & Karunanayaka, S. P. (2015). Impacts of OER: What difference does it make & how? Research paper presented at the International Conference on Distance Education (ICDE), held 14-16 October, 2015, at Sun City, South Africa, hosted by the University of South Africa (Unisa).

2014

Books

  • Menon, M., Naidu, S., & Sanjaya Mishra (Eds.) (2014). Professional Development Programme on OER-Based eLearning. Commonwealth Educational Media Center for Asia, New Delhi, India, CCBYSA.
  • Naidu, S., & Sanjaya Mishra (Eds.) (2014). Case Studies on OER-Based eLearning. Commonwealth Educational Media Center for Asia, New Delhi, India, CCBYSA.

Book Chapters

Journal Editorials

  • Naidu, S., & Barbera, E. (2014). The weakest link: Assessment and accreditation in MOOCs. Digital Education Review, 25, 1-5, http://greav.ub.edu/der.
  • Naidu, S. (2014). In search of ‘what works’ in online and distance education, Distance Education, 35(1), pages 1-3. DOI: 10.1080/01587919.2014.902887.

 Journal Articles

  • Koroivulaono, T. (2014). Open Educational Resources: a regional university’s journey. RUSC. Universities and Knowledge Society Journal, 11(3). pp. 91-107. 
  • Naidu, S. (2014). Looking back, looking forward: The invention and reinvention of distance education. Distance Education, 35, 263–270. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01587919.2014.961671.

Conference Papers & Presentations

  • Chief, I., Naqiolevu, E., & Tuitoga, A. (2014). Pacific Island students paddling in the Information digital literacy canoe: A study of University of the South Pacific Students. In E-Learn 2014─World conference on e-learning in corporate, government, healthcare, and higher education, October 27-30, New Orleans. 
  • Jione, M, Charlotte, T. (2014, September 10). Assessing the effective use of online academic resources: an exploratory study.Presented at Vice-Chancellor’s Forum on Learning & Teaching 2014, Japan - Pacific ICT Multi-Purpose Theatre, Laucala Campus, Fiji.
  • Karunanayaka, S. P., & Naidu, S. (2014). Impacts of the integration of OER in teacher education programs at the Open University of Sri Lanka, Research paper presented at the 28th Annual Conference of the Asian Association of Open Universities (AAOU), Hong Kong, China, 28-31 October, 2014. Available at www.stou.ac.th/lcm/Uploadfile/AAOU%202014%20Proceedings.pdf
  • Karunanayaka, S.P., Naidu, S., Dhanapala,  T.D.T.L., Gonsalkorala, L.R. & Ariyaratne, A.  (2014). From mind maps to mindsets: Shifting conceptions about OER at the Open University of Sri Lanka. Research paper presented at the 2nd Regional Symposium on Open Educational Resources: Beyond Advocacy, Research and Policy, held 23-26 June, 2014, at Wawasan Open University, Penang, Malaysia. Available at weko.wou.edu.my.
  • Koroivulaono, T., Racule, E. (2014). Student Online Orientation, the case of UU204’s Amazing Race. Presentation to the Vice-Chancellor’s Forum on Learning & Teaching 2014, The University of the South Pacific, Suva.
  • Lesuma, A., & Narayan, N. (2014, July 7-9).  Agility in online programme design: the University of the South Pacific experience. EDULEARN14 Proceedings: 6th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (pp. 213-218). Barcelona, Spain.
  • Lipscomb, N & Irene Yee Chief, (June 16-19, 2014) Texas Southern University’s Teaching and Learning Excellence Center/National Science Foundation sponsored-Center for Research Complex Networks 2014 International Teaching and Learning Conference, International Trends in Evidence Based Research, Teaching & Learning. Houston Marriott Westchase, Texas, USA.  Paper: Integrating Digital Technology within Diverse Adult Learning Environments (#141) Abstract accepted
  • Naqiolevu, E., & Lesuma, A. (2014, July 7-9).  Enhancing support for first year undergraduate flexible learning students at the University of the South Pacific. EDULEARN14 Proceedings: 6th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (pp. 229-238). Barcelona, Spain.
  • Yusuf, J. (2014). A tale of two media formats: Digitization at the University of the South Pacific, Paper presented at the 2014 Annual Congress of the International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives Cape Town, South Africa.

            2013

            Book Chapters

            • Naidu, S. (2013). Rethinking Open Educational Practices. In Schooling and Beyond, Sitansu S. Jena and Sushmita Mitra (Eds.), (pages 109-118), National Institute of Open Schooling, Delhi, India. Translated in Chinese by Frank (Junhong) Xiao (Open University of China), Open Education Research Volume 20(2), April, 2014.
            • Naidu, S. (2013). Foreword. ‘Assessment and evaluation of time factors in online teaching and learning’, edited by Elena Barbera and Peter Reimann, New York, Idea Group.
            • Naidu, S. (2013). Instructional design models for optimal learning. In Moore, M.G. (Ed.), The Handbook of Distance Education, 3rd edition (268-281), New York, Routledge.

            Journal Editorials

            • Naidu, S. (2013). Transforming MOOCs and MOORFAPs into MOOLOs, Distance Education, 34(3), 253-255, DOI: 10.1080/01587919.2013.842524.
            • Naidu, S. (2013). Learning about learning and teaching online, Distance Education, 34(1), pages na.
            • Naidu, S. (2013). Connectionism, Distance Education, 33(3), pages na.

            Conference Papers & Presentations

            • Chief, I. (2013, March 17-18). Online Learning: Non-Traditional Minority Women in pursuit of Degree Completion. Paper presented at ACHE Mid-Atlantic Region Annual Conference: Success, Not Just Access, Springfield College, Wilmington, Delaware.
            • Hazelman, V., & Koroivulaono, T. (2013, December 2-6). What next? Progressing learning innovations in a regional university. Paper presented at the Seventh Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF7): Open Learning for Development: Towards Empowerment and Transformation, Abuja, Nigeria.
            • Jione, M. & Yusuf, J. (2013, October 9-11). A Moodle voyage at USP.Presented at ULEARN13 New Zealand's Premier Education Conference, Claudelands Events Centre, Hamilton, New Zealand.
            • Karunanayaka, S., & Naidu, S. (2013). Capacity building of academic staff in the integration of ICT and OER in teacher education programs at the Open University of Sri Lanka, Paper presented at the Seventh Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF7), Abuja, Nigeria 2 - 6 December, 2013.
            • Koroivulaono, T., Paterson, D., & Tuisawau, P. (2013). A snapshot of transforming pedagogies in a sea of islands. Presentation to the Vice-Chancellor’s Forum on Learning & Teaching 2013, The University of the South Pacific, Suva.

            2012 - 2002

            2012

            • Naidu, S. (2012). Editorial, Distance Education, 33(1), pages na.
            • Sequeira, D. & Naidu, S. (November, 2012). Teaching to assessment: Heresy or sound educational practice. CSUEd2012, Wagga Wagga, NSW: Charles Sturt University.

            2011

            • Chandra, R., Hazelman, V., & Koroivulaono, T. (2011). Leveraging technology for tertiary education in the South Pacific. In M. Bray & M. Martin (Eds.), Tertiary education in small states: Planning in a context of globalization (pp. 215-231). Paris: IIEP-UNESCO.
            • Bhartu, D. (2010-2011, 31 December-4 January). Online Assessment Methods for Mathematics. Symposium presentation at the International Conference on Mathematics of Date: Mathematics Education and Practice, Allahabad, India.
            • B. Sharma and V. Rao, - , ICT Symposium, SPICTEC 2011, University of the South Pacific, Fiji, 20- 23 July, 2011
            • Yusuf, J., & Tuisawau, P. (2011). Student Attitudes Towards the use of e-Portfolios: Experiences from The University of the South Pacific. Malaysian Journal of Educational Technology, 11(4), 31-41.
            • Yusuf, J. & Tuisawau, P. (2011). Student attitudes towards the use of ePortfolios: Experiences from the University of the South Pacific, Paper presented at the 2011 ePortfolios Australia Conference, Perth, Australia.
            • R. Totaram, B. Sharma, and A. Jokhan, Teaching Mathematics in an Online Environment, International Conference on Mathematics of Date (ICMD 2010-2011), December 31, 2010 -January 4, 2011

            2010

            • D. Bhartu and R. Totaram, Managing Moodle at the University of the South Pacific, Moodle Moot AU, 2010
            • Evans, J., & Hazelman, V. (2010). Distance and Flexible Learning at the University of the South Pacific: Computer Science Challenges. In W. Kinuthia & S. Marshall (Eds.), Educational Technology in Practice: Research and Practical Case Studies from the Field, Educational Design and Technology in the Knowledge Society Series (pp. 67-80). USA: Information Age Publishing.
            • Koroivulaono, T., Lesuma, A., & Vakamocea, L. (2010, November 22-28). Repurposing OER – The USP Experience. Paper presented at the Sixth Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF6): Access and Success in Learning: Global Development Perspectives, Kochi, India.
            • Lesuma, A., & Vakamocea, L. (2010). USP Case Study. In F. Rennie & M. Weller (Eds.), Open to All: Designing digital courses using Open Educational Resources. UK: Blurb Publishing.
            • Prasad, D., Yusuf, J., Bhartu, D., & Tuisawau, P. (2010). The final countdown 3, 2, 1… zero: Launching towards a university wide implementation of an ePortfolio system, Paper presented at the Sixth Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF6), Kerala, India. 
            • Tuisawau P. (2010). The School of Law Moodle experience: Scenario based Multiple Choice Tests and Moodle Database Tool. Presentation to the Moodle High level Workshop 2010, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji
            • Tuisawau, P. (2010). ePortfolio at USP: Starting up. Presentation to the Vice-Chancellor’s Forum on Learning & Teaching 2010, The University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji.

            2009 - 2002

            • Onwubolu, G. C., Sharma, A., Dayal, A., Bhartu, D., Shankar, A., & Katafono, K. (2008, September 15-19).  Hybrid Particle Swarm Optimization and Group Method of Data Handling for Inductive Modeling. Paper presented at the International Conference on Inductive Modelling (ICIM), Kiev, Ukraine.
            • R. Totaram, B. Sharma, and J. Vanualailai, An Interactive Window for Split/rejoin Maneuvers of Swarms, 7th joint Australia-New Zealand Mathematics Convention (ANZMC2008), December 7-12, 2008
            • Rao V, Anand P, Ayoade J. 2007 RFID Location Tracking System for Enhancing Police Services, ASME 2007 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, September 4–7, 2007
            • Evans, J., & Hazelman, V. (2006). Hard digital realities: Teaching with technology in the Pacific Islands. Paper presented at the 4th Pan-Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning (PCF4), Jamaica
            • Wah, R., & Tuisawau, P. (2002, 29 July-2 August). Flexible delivery at University of the South Pacific: No mean feat. Proceedings of the Second Pan Commonwealth Forum on Open Learning: Open Learning–Transforming Education for Development, Durban, South Africa.